The aim of this paper is to discuss the strategies that have been used in cognitive and neurologic rehabilitation in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWH).
Cognitive impairment leading to disability is increasingly seen in PLWH. Rehabilitation can alleviate the effects of cognitive impairment upon function.
Cognitive impairment is still prevalent in PLWH in the cART era (combination antiretroviral therapy), and can lead to disability affecting activities of daily living.
Both pharmacological and non-pharmacological rehabilitation strategies are currently being increasingly used to minimise the effect of such impairments.
Early studies suggest promise in remediating some of the cognitive impairment caused by HIV. More intervention trials are needed to assess cognitive and neurological rehabilitation strategies and further evaluate their benefit in PLWH.